1995 TO THE PRESENT DAY: A NEW MAJOR DEVELOPMENT PHASE
A major new phase of development began in 2000 with in particular the construction of "Port 2000", dedicated to containers. As the leading port in France for container traffic, Le Havre needed port facilities that were compliant with European standards. Port 2000 is the result of the first public debate held in France around a major project.
In September 1995, during his visit to Le Havre, the French President said the extension of the shipping capacities of the Port of Le Havre for container traffic was a "project of major public interest”.
Built outside the existing port, Port 2000 is a scalable infrastructure ultimately capable of integrating 12 berths with a total length of over 4 km: the quai du Havre. By April 2006, the first phase of the project entered service, with 4 berths with an overall length of 1.4 km. Sheltered by two outside breakwaters (on the Seine side, the François LE CHEVALIER seawall is 5.2 km long, and on the north side, the North seawall of Port 2000), Port 2000 (Hubert RAOUL DUVAL dock) can accommodate the largest container ships currently in service. The first berths have an allowable draught for vessels of 14.50 meters in all tidal conditions and back-up areas with an average depth of 500 meters.
The second phase of Port 2000 started in the summer of 2007, with the construction of 2,100 meters of additional quay, which were handed over in 2011.
Port 2000 now has three terminals:
- The Terminal de France, operated since 2006 by GMP (Générale de Manutention Portuaire) together with CMA-CGM, the leading ship-owner in France and the third largest ship-owner worldwide. Now equipped with ten super-Panamax gantry cranes and 3 railway cranes, the Terminal de France has three berths totalling 1,050 meters of quay.
- The Terminal Porte Océane (TPO) has been operated since late 2007 by the group consisting of the Perrigault company and APM Terminals (a subsidiary of the AP Moller-Maersk Group). Equipped with three gantry cranes, the terminal has two 350-meter berths or 700 meters of quay in all
- The TNMSC terminal, operated since 2012 by Terminaux de Normandie (PERRIGAULT group) and MSC, the second largest ship-owner worldwide. Equipped with seven super-Panamax gantry cranes, the TNMSC Terminal has four berths i.e. 1,400 meters of quay.
A major milestone with the implementation of the port reform
Early in 2008, the French government announced a stimulus package to improve the performance and competitiveness of major French ports and the ability to take advantage of the significant development in international sea trade as part of the process begun in 1992. Against this background, a wide consultation was immediately initiated by the Government with all the trade unions and professional organizations. It led to a law adopted on 4 July 2008 under which several decrees were issued on 9 October 2008. The ‘Grands Ports Maritimes’ (Major Seaports) then replaced the ‘Ports Autonomes’ (Independent Port Authorities).
Since the creation of the Great Maritime Port of Le Havre at the end of 2008, the governance of the port authority has been thoroughly modernised to better meet the challenges of the major ports with the creation, in early 2009, of the Supervisory Board, Development Board and Management Board. This new governance outlines, through strategic projects, the priorities for the coming years.
Since 2012 and in parallel with this new governance, GPMH has been part of the HAROPA alliance which brings together the ports of Le Havre, Rouen and Paris. Connected to the whole world thanks to its international maritime offer, this strategic alliance today constitutes the leading French port complex and the 5th in Europe. The three ports on the Seine axis now have the same course.
With the evolution of container traffic linked to Port 2000, the port of Le Havre intends to industrialize its connections with its hinterland in Western Europe. The rail and river modes are therefore the most appropriate to meet this need for massification. In addition, there are the objectives of the Grenelle Environment Round Table, which calls for a doubling of the modal shares of rail and inland waterway transport. The multimodal terminal meets these requirements. Located on the Grand Canal du Havre, the terminal came into service in 2015 and allows mass modes to contribute to the competitiveness of the port facilities.
The logistics zones complement each other. In 2017, to the west of the multimodal terminal, Bolloré Logistics moved into a 24,000 m2 warehouse that meets the most stringent environmental standards. The Prologis park is expanding by 35,000 m2. Le Havre's position is thus strengthened in the management of flows throughout the Seine valley.